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Jul 18, 2019

How to choose a healthy puppy

It's time to go to the nursery for your future favorite.
Please note that puppies should be in a clean room that does not have a sharp unpleasant odor.
Often the breeder starts to show all his diplomas and lists the show titles of the puppy's parents.
Listen to this information, but do not let your guard down.
In addition to potential champion regalia, it is very important what character the dog will have.

Choosing a puppy
If you have the opportunity to meet with the puppy's parents, do not miss it.
In this way, it will be possible to evaluate their behavior personally.
If it’s impossible to arrange a meeting, ask the breeder if they were not aggressive, pugnacious or cowardly.
These qualities are inherited, as well as the desire to howl, tear furniture and bark without a reason.
Look at the photos of the puppies' grandparents, if any.

From buying a sick puppy should be abandoned immediately.
However, many diseases are not obvious, or may occur only in the future.
Try to “talk” the breeder, he may accidentally mention points that may indirectly indicate puppy diseases:
a test for hip dysplasia in manufacturers of giant breeds is mandatory, its absence is suspicious;
if the puppy is not eating well, he may have a gastrointestinal tract or liver disease;
allergic dogs often give birth to puppies with the same problem;
if the animal is afraid of panic salutes, thunderstorms and other loud sounds, then its nervous system is unstable.
Hysterical parents are unlikely to be born a brave and equilibrium puppy;
dogs running away during walks are unwanted offspring;
in pursuit of profit, unscrupulous breeders can knit dogs with epilepsy, which cannot be seen until there is an attack.
A healthy puppy will be active and friendly. If you get down on your knees and call him, he will come to you.
The kid will show curiosity to new people and toys. He should look happy, frolic with his brothers and sisters.
In the hands of the breeder, the puppy is calm, gives himself a stroke, including the normal perceives touching the paws and the face.
Refuse to buy cowardly and intimidated pets, as well as aggressive and dominant individuals.
With age, the nature of the dog does not change significantly.

A big plus in favor of the breeder will be his agreement to conclude a written contract for the sale of a puppy.
In case of detection of significant defects prescribed in the contract,
the animal can be returned. In addition, the very existence of "insurance" will discourage the seller from wanting to slip a problem pet.

Jul 13, 2019

How to train a dog

Making the first steps Being the owner of a well-trained and intelligent dog is not only convenient, but also prestigious. Therefore, most owners spend an impressive amount of time teaching their four-legged pet basic commands. Their knowledge allows you to easily walk the dog, and also facilitates finding a pet in public places.

From what age to train a dog

Dog trainers recommend starting basic skills at 4 months of age. It was then that the baby has already received the necessary minimum of vaccinations and is ready to go out. Dog handlers are advised to start with simple commands that will control the pet on the street and in public places. But the age of 3-4 months is conditionally named. For example, decorative dogs grow up early enough. And by 4-6 months they are in the age category of adolescents. Therefore, their training can begin with the age of 2-3 months. And the representatives of large and giant breeds (Great Dane, Mastiffs, Alabai, Moscow Watchdogs, etc.) at the age of 4-6 months are completely silly, even if they are impressive kids. Therefore, to decide when the optimal time for learning should come in each case.

Where to do dog training

There are several basic signs of a place most suitable for training a dog. Dog trainers include: Lack of distracting factors in the form of harsh and unknown sounds. They dispel the attention of the dog and the lesson becomes less effective; Lack of extraneous animals. It will be quite difficult to overcome your instincts for a four-legged pet. Therefore, many dogs are distracted by their relatives, cats or birds. But after all, when training the owner, the maximum concentration of the dog is necessary; The absence of other people. Ideally, if the training will be missing members of the sembi and strangers. Nothing should interfere with the learning process and distract the pet's attention. This is important: Experienced dog experts recommend starting training for new teams at home. And only after developing a persistent skill to proceed to training on the street. Dog training at home This is the perfect place to start training. The attention of the dog is fully concentrated on the owner and it is as ready for learning as possible. Experts recommend choosing a time when the owner is in the house alone with the dog. If in the house or apartment there are always people, then it is worth to be alone with the animals in a separate room. And ask the rest of the family to be quiet. Thus, the owner will be able to focus the attention of the animal on the learning process. Once the minimum skills have been obtained and the team has been learned, you can proceed to working out its implementation in public. To do this, suitable family members or close friends. Ie, those people who are constantly present in the house and do not cause increased interest in the animal. After the basic commands are fulfilled, it is necessary to look for a deserted place in vicinities. Even in a noisy metropolis, you can find a secluded corner, which rarely come to outsiders. This may be a building (in the evening after the end of the working day), a vacant lot or a garage cooperative. The main thing that the pet is not distracted.

Lesson with a dog on a training ground

Training on a special site is suitable for dogs that already have well-developed basic skills and the presence of foreign animals and people does not distract them from the learning process. It is worth noting that the training grounds are equipped with various sports equipment. Therefore, they are an ideal place for practicing the skills and active recreation of the dog.

To train the dog yourself or contact a dog handler

Experienced canine experts do not give a definite answer to this question. There are two options for the development of events: Self-study. If you have the necessary skills, the owner will be able to train his pet without any problems. in this case, you will need to be patient and persistent. In no case should not give vent to emotions and punish the dog, if he does not perform the command correctly or refuses to learn at all. Training at the cynologist. Often a situation arises in which the owner, by virtue of a soft temperament, is not able to show the perseverance necessary for effective training. Or the dog stubbornly refuses to execute even elementary commands. In this case, you should resort to the help of a specialist. A dog expert in a few days teaches even a pet that is difficult to communicate and the already fully prepared animal returns to the owner.

How often do dogs need to be trained?

In dog training, several factors are of primary importance. It is perseverance, consistency and regularity. That is why dog ​​experts argue that in the process of learning one of the main conditions is regularity. Daily classes at home will allow you to quickly develop a useful skill, and also will not allow your pet to forget the previously studied commands. The optimal solution will be a regular repetition of the traversed. This can be done both at home and in specially equipped places. It can be fenced places for walking dogs or areas for dog training. After the dog has learned the basic commands, it can be taken out of the city for a walk and to work out the acquired skills. Classes on the street should be held at least 2-4 times a week.

Where to start and how to prepare

Preparation for the first lesson, in the opinion of experienced dog trainers, should begin with a short walk. You should not walk with the animal to the state of complete fatigue of the dog. But the dog must have time to go to the toilet and run a little. Then he will be as ready to accept the learning process. A major mistake is the training before the usual mealtime. It is necessary to stock up on the favorite delicacy of the animal. And give it only after properly executed team. Give up the habit of giving out this delicacy just like that. It should be commendation for the correct execution of the command.

Large dog training

Training dogs of medium, large and giant breeds requires tremendous patience. Such pets have impressive size and can harm others. That is why representatives of such breeds should be perfectly trained. This will avoid the occurrence of unpleasant situations associated with the discontent of others. Training should begin at home, and continue on the street. At the same time, if teams are not working out in specially designated places, then the pet must have a muzzle and a collar. Choose a leather muzzle or its equivalent from a metal mesh. Such models allow you to freely give a treat and encourage the dog for a properly executed team. In addition to the basic training course, owners of large dogs often teach their pets protective and guard duty. It is necessary to do this only with the participation of an experienced instructor and special equipment.

What breeds are best trained?

Statistics state that there are several breeds that can be trained as well as possible. These include: German Shepherd. Very loyal dogs that easily assimilate even the most complex teams; Cane Corso. Ideal for the protection of an apartment or house. Easy to train and very dedicated. But it has certain difficulties when communicating with representatives of other breeds; Russian black terrier. Animals have an aggressive and rebellious character. Therefore, training should be done only an experienced canine or owner with a strong-willed character; Maltese. Superbly amenable to training and refers to the decorative breeds. Small size, sharp mind, combined with high sociability make this breed unusually popular and widespread.

Useful tips

Canine experts give several recommendations that will make the training more effective: Do not repeat the command given more than two times; Change the sequence of commands in any form. Otherwise, the pet's attention is reduced; Do not delay the workout time. Duration of training should vary in the range from 35 minutes to 1.5 hours depending on the age and state of health of the dog; Observe the interval between the teams. The dog must have time to take a short break, make a couple of laps around the playground or explore the nearest bushes; Weasel. For too timid and insecure animals, this is a great alternative to rigor. With harsh treatment, pets often begin to "blunt" and get confused; Promotion. It can be served by voice. But the best results are achieved when using delicacies. Practice training with pleasure, and then your pet will be happy to execute all commands.

Jun 17, 2019

Smart dog breeds for apartment

There are several main components that testify to the dogs' intelligence:
adaptive intelligence (manifested when the dog performs certain functions with the help of its own developed forces),
obedience intelligence (ability to learn, execute commands of the owner),
instinctive intelligence (allows performing the functions that given to the dog at the level of genetics, - herding, guard).
Among the dogs with the fastest ability to learn can be identified:

    Border Collie

The average breed of dogs (up to 53 cm) belongs to the shepherd dogs.
A faithful, intelligent, unpretentious dog with unique abilities.
The dog is able to memorize more than two hundred words, remembers quickly commands,
has an excellent memory (without repeating, it can repeat the command in a few weeks).


Dogs are easy to train. They are smart, they can be lifeguards and observers.
They know how to swim well, while graceful, tied to the family. Understand speech, find quick contact with children.

    German Shepherd

They are distinguished by good abilities, learn quickly, can be excellent guards, watchmen.
They communicate well with children, have a strong connection with the owner, do not require strong care.

    Golden retriever

The breed of dogs with a calm character, which is easily trained, quickly acquires new skills.
Efficient, friendly, shows great tolerance for children.
Retrievers love the water, swim well.

    Doberman pinscher

The dog is very sensitive to the climate that prevails in the family, therefore it can open its abilities in a family with a good microclimate.
Requires training, training, so that the natural activity of dogs found a positive solution.

Jun 17, 2019

What breed dogs choose

The day when the dog will appear in the house, without exaggeration, will become a significant day in the family. It happens that growing up and turning into an already not so cute clumsy puppy, the adult individual becomes a burden for the owners. Sometimes an adult animal is given to another family, cruel owners are able to drive the animal out onto the street. In most cases, the reason is simple: intending to start a dog, the future owner did not think at all about choosing a breed, given his own lifestyle and possibilities. When purchasing an animal, try to carefully analyze the financial possibilities, the degree of employment, the conditions that you will be able to provide the puppy and begin to choose.

Being interested in how to choose a breed of dog, analyze your own schedule and answer a number of questions that make it easier to choose a breed. The presence of an animal in the house suggests:

    Additional finance. Rate your own financial condition. Will there be enough finance to ensure a normal life and good nutrition for a new member of the family?
    The time spent on a dog of any breed. Free time is required for everyday care. The dog is waiting for attentive and careful care, otherwise the pet's health will begin to deteriorate, and the appearance will change for the worse. How to choose a dog
    Each puppy certainly delivers the owners of "joy" in the form of gnawed shoes, piles on the carpet, flayed wallpaper and "updated" furniture. It is believed to assess your strength and nerve cells in the ability to perceive damaged things in the first months of a baby’s life.
    Tell yourself for what purpose the dog is acquired. Do I need a companion, a guard for the house, or are you planning to become a professional breeder and earn money. It may not be necessary to acquire an expensive pedigree dog if a companion and friend are simply required.
    Sometimes the appearance of a four-legged friend requires the owner to change the mode of the day. Will a person like that decision? For 10-15 years, the dog takes a walk every day, and walks are assumed to be long. You will have to conduct classes every day with your pet and devote a lot of time and attention to games and upbringing.
    Choosing a dog for the soul, consider the composition of the family, learn about the presence of allergies among family members.
    Living conditions (apartment or country house with a plot). Does the living space allow you to have a large breed dog or is it better to limit yourself to a decorative dog. It is hardly appropriate to keep a Labrador or a German Shepherd in a one-room hruschevka.
    It is important to think in advance about the possibility of leaving the dog in another house in case of a necessary departure.

Being engaged in the selection of the breed, honestly answer the above questions and note that the owner of the dog is supposed to be the only one. Otherwise, the animal will not receive the required upbringing, because it does not understand whom to obey. The ill-bred adult is the headache of the owners. When starting a dog, be prepared to commit to raising a pet. When preparing a gift - ask the person if he is ready to give half the time to a little silly person.

If a person is confident in the desire and correctly assessed their own capabilities, an immediate purchase is undesirable. From that moment, a new stage of reflection begins, which dog to choose, determine the goals, size and breed. Choosing a dog, it is important to consider the nuances, including the wishes of family members. Remember, disagreements when choosing a breed or other aspects should be resolved amicably, otherwise the appearance of a long-awaited dog for some family members will have a negative impact on others. The choice of breed is certainly carried out jointly.

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